Quick Guide to Foraging

Quick Guide to Foraging

Foraging has gained popularity in the last decade as the movement for fresh and sustainable ingredients has grown. While many chefs nowadays use suppliers or farmers markets to find the perfect ingredients for their restaurant, foraging can be a great way to bring new ingredients to their kitchens. For chefs who enjoy the hunt of searching for food or provisions, it can also be a fun hobby to pick up outside of the kitchen.

While it may seem like chefs would inherently know what to hunt for, foraging actually takes years of experience and knowledge to safely gather ingredients in the wild. However, there are some simple tips to follow and easy ingredients to identify that will help you become a successful beginner forager. Read below to find our guide to getting started and easy ingredients to look for begin your first foraging adventure!

Tips to Getting Started

  1. Foraging in New York by Steve BrillInvest in Books. This seems obvious, but books are a great resource for foraging. There are many knowledgeable experts who have spent decades researching and writing about foraging. Expert forager Steve “Wildman” Brill, who has been foraging for 35+ years and lives in the New York City area, has written many books on the subject. If you are foraging in New York, we recommend starting with his book Foraging in New York: Finding, Identifying and Preparing Edible Wild Foods.
  2. Find a Mentor and Speak With Experts. Finding a mentor is the key to foraging safely. While you may be able to find many ingredients in your own backyard, it can be dangerous to ingest them without consulting an expert. An expert or a mentor can help to identify plants, and can be a great resource for learning more about what to forage.
  3. Start in Your Own Backyard. Like we said, foraging in your own backyard is possible and fun! When you become familiar with the plants in and around your backyard first, it will help you to gain your foraging confidence before you venture elsewhere.

What to Start Foraging

There are endless edible plants and wild mushrooms to forage for, but it can be daunting trying to identify them all. Depending on your level of expertise, start with these plants below and, as always, consult with an expert before you eat anything. As a rule of thumb, always consume small quantities to ensure that you are not allergic to anything first.

Level 1: Dandelion Greens

You read that correctly— those pesky weeds that pop up everywhere are edible. These “weeds” are easy to identify due to their yellow flowers and pointy leaves, and are safe to eat. Expert foragers use dandelions in everything from salad to pesto, coffee and even wine! The entire plant is edible, so research recipes beforehand to get the most out of the plant. It is also recommended to forage for these in your own backyard because they have a tendency to be sprayed with pesticides.

Level 2: Field Garlic

Field GarlicOn a recent foraging trip to Prospect Park, our Professional Culinary Arts with Farm-to-Table class experienced field garlic firsthand. Like dandelions, field garlic is found almost everywhere and during every season of the year. It is easy to identify and has a distinct garlic/onion smell. With long green stems that look like chives and bulbs at the end of the stems, the whole plant can be utilized anywhere that you would normally use garlic. Note that it does have a lookalike that is toxic, but the lookalike plant does not have a smell. Before you eat field garlic, make sure that you smell a distinct garlic smell first.






Level 3: The Foolproof Four

Mushroom hunting is perhaps the most exciting part of foraging. Mushrooms are delicious, versatile and harder to find, which makes for a fun hunt. The difficulty of finding mushrooms is that they can be found in different locations, and from year to year, can grow in different areas. Although you may have found a delicious chicken of the woods mushroom, on a tree trunk one year, the next year it may not be there.

Giant PuffballThe foolproof four in mushroom hunting includes morels, chanterelles, giant puffballs, and chicken of the woods. These mushrooms are the easiest to identify and are widespread. Morels are one of the most sought after wild mushrooms and have a distinct, wrinkled look. Chanterelles have a wavy cap and can vary from a yellowish color to an amber. Giant puffballs are easy to spot in the woods and can grow to be the size of a volleyball—and often times look like one! They are white in color and vary in size. Chicken of the woods are also easy to spot due to their yellow and orange color. Growing mostly on tree trunks, their edges are the best for eating as the center of the mushroom is often tough.

It is best to go on tours with experts and forage in groups when you’re first starting out. This makes foraging more fun, but it also makes it safe.

Books are a great resource when first getting started, but should not be the only resource you use to identify plants. Experts in the world of foraging are an easy resource at hand and can typically identify plants using pictures. When in doubt, never ingest something that you aren’t sure of, and always be sure to forage in a sustainable way! Click here to check out our tips for safe foraging!

Students and Wildman

Foraging in New York City

Chef’s often find inspiration in supermarkets, seasonal farmers markets, and even from their cultural heritage to create delicious and unique dishes. But, what many chefs and home-cooks often overlook is the inspiration that can come from the forest or your backyard.

Students foragingOn a recent sunny but cold Saturday afternoon, Steve “Wildman” Brill led a group of Professional Culinary Arts + Farm-to-Table program students through Prospect Park to get a hands-on foraged-to-table experience. Wildman Steve is one of the preeminent foragers working in America today, foraging for more than 35 years. Foraging on one of Wildman Steve’s tours is an amazing way to connect with nature and learn about ingredients that you can find in the wild to bring to your table.

Within minutes of entering the 526 acres of park in Brooklyn, Wildman Steve was pointing out what students could bring back to the kitchen to add to various dishes. Learn about what we found in the city’s backyard of Prospect Park below, and be sure to send pictures to an expert before ingesting anything you find while foraging!

Ginkgo Nuts

Ginkgo leaf

The bright yellow hue of ginkgo leaves in the Fall helps to distinguish the tree from others and points the way to the edible part of the tree, ginkgo nuts, found on the branches.

You’ll know you’ve found the right fruit when you see the fan-like leaves and smell a pungent scent when you break into it. Many sidewalks are littered with the strong-smelling fruits of ginkgo trees and can be easy to miss since the nuts themselves, found inside the fleshy fruit, are small. At first, they don’t give off much smell, but once the fruit is exposed, the stench often reminds people of strong cheese. The fruit pulp can also cause skin blisters to people that may be allergic to it, so it is best to wear gloves when harvesting the fruits.

Once you look past the smell, and the potential skin rash, the cooked nuts—always be sure to roast them—have a flavor resembling edamame, potato and pine nuts. The Asian culture considers them a delicacy and uses them in desserts, soups and meat dishes. It is best not to consume more than a few seeds at a time as the toxins can build up in a harmful way. Also, be sure not to consume the fleshy part of the fruit as it is poisonous.

Field Garlic

Field GarlicPerhaps the most familiar find of the day, field garlic is everywhere. Found on lawns, backyards, open woods and yes, even Prospect Park, it is common throughout the continental US. Even in the coldest winter months, field garlic can be found poking through the snow, ready to be harvested.

With hollow stems and a distinct garlic/onion smell, it is difficult to mistake field garlic. There is a toxic lookalike plant that has no smell, so be sure to sniff out the garlic smell and consult an expert before eating. The leaves grow in bunches and look similar to a chive or a green onion, and in the Spring sprout a beautiful purple flower. Field Garlic

Once pulled from the ground, the green stems end with a small, edible bulb. The leaves can be used wherever a chive or green onion would normally be used and are a delicious substitute. The flavor of the bulbs can vary between patches, so it is important to try them before cooking with them, as it is with any ingredient.

Paper Mulberry

paper mulberryBright red-orange and resembling a pom-pom, the paper mulberry was the sweetest thing found in Prospect Park all day. Typically blooming from April to June, it was extremely late to find paper mulberries in the park, but it was a treat not to be missed!

Composed of many cylindrical seeds coming out of a hard ball, the seeds are edible, crunchy and explode with a mild honey-like sweetness. Picking them right off the tree is the best way to eat them, as they do not store for long.


One of the more difficult ingredients to forage for, mushrooms can task even the most seasoned foragers with a difficult hunt. Some familiar-looking species have poisonous lookalikes, while others can trigger hallucinations. As with anything that is foraged, it is important to send many pictures to experts before ingesting anything. Do not try to identify any mushrooms based on these pictures. Be sure to have a good firsthand familiarity, as well as experience eating and preparing foraged mushrooms, as it can be extremely dangerous to eat a foraged mushroom without that knowledge. Generally speaking, beginner foragers should avoid all mushrooms with “gills” underneath the mushrooms.

Although foraging for mushrooms can be quite dangerous, if you are with an expert like we were, it can be quite exciting! Mushrooms can be found everywhere from the forest ground, trees, and even grassy fields. Keep your eyes peeled for a delicious mushroom, as they really can grow anywhere!

Shaggy Mane

Shaggy Mane mushrooms are very easy to find, and a great choice for beginner foragers. Extremely delicate and easy to break, Shaggy Manes resemble a squid and can vary in size. They excrete a black ink and are also commonly referred to as an inky cap. The ink can even be used to color dishes as a natural food color as it gives off a deep, black color.

You can typically find them in late summer and fall, so we were extremely lucky to find them in November in Prospect Park. Although late in the season, it does sometimes happen that they grow during the late fall. It is best to forage for shaggy manes when they’re young and to cook them within a few hours. It is rare to find them in restaurants because of the quick decomposing process, but they are great in a creamy risotto and add a subtle earthy flavor.



PuffballsAccording to experts, Puffball mushrooms are one of the “foolproof four,” also known as the four most easily identified mushrooms, along with chicken of the woods, chanterelles, and morels. There are many lookalike species that can be poisonous, but puffballs, when cut open, are pure white and have no mushroom gills.

It’s important to put puffballs into the fridge after harvesting as they can spoil quickly. Once harvested, they are extremely versatile and can be used as a substitute for tofu, on a pizza or even in a delicious plate of pasta.

Foraging takes years of experience and knowledge to be able to safely ingest harvested ingredients. While it can be time consuming, it is rewarding and filled with hidden treasures around every corner!

Throughout our trip to Prospect Park, we were guided with knowledge from our expert, Wildman Steve. Finding, identifying and preparing edible wild food is a great way to use the resources around you and to connect with nature. But, be sure to consult with an expert and attend one of Wildman Steve’s tours to help you get started!

How to Safely Forage

How To Safely Forage

If you’ve read our Foraging in New York City article or our Quick Guide to Foraging, by now you know that foraging comes with many recommendations, tips and tricks to be able to forage safely. While foraging is an amazing way to connect with food and bring local ingredients to your table, there are some rules to follow before venturing into the woods or your own backyard.

In order to have a successful foraging experience check out a few of our top tips to keep you safe while on your foraging adventures!

  1. Don’t take more than you need. In order for generations of future foragers to enjoy these gems of nature, only take what you need and will use. Most of the time, edible plants and wild mushrooms have a short shelf life, so if you don’t plan on cooking with it immediately or preserving it, it’s best practice to leave most of what you find behind.
  2. Don’t harvest in questionable areas. Especially if you live in a city, toxic areas can be abundant and are best to avoid. Toxic areas include anywhere that might have been sprayed with pesticides, near or around dog parks, or along busy roadways. These areas can make edible plants no longer edible.
  3. Don’t forage plants that appear unhealthy. This seems like an obvious statement, but plants that don’t look like their normal, healthy selves are not safe to eat. This will depend from plant to plant, so always be familiar with a plant’s healthy appearance and discuss with your foraging mentor or expert before foraging.
  4. A group foragingDon’t forage alone. Foraging is an activity that is best, and safest, when done in groups. Whether it’s a tour group, with a mentor or a friend, be sure to grab your foraging buddy before venturing into the wild. Two sets of eyes are always better than one and can help to ensure that you are safely foraging. One of the best ways to work in a kitchen is in a team, and the same can be said for foraging!
  5. Consult with an expert before you eat anything. Send pictures to your mentor or expert and have them double check what you have found.
  6. Always consume small quantities to ensure that you are not allergic to anything first. When ingredients are found in the wild, you never know what you could be allergic to.

While these are just four of the top tips to safely forage, there are many different elements to foraging that haven’t been covered here. Always do your research, be prepared with gloves and warm clothing, and bring paper bags to store your edible plants and mushrooms. Foraging is a perfect group activity and takes years of experience, and knowledge, to perfect. Always be sure of what you are foraging for, and if you’re looking to get started, check out our quick guide here.